Category: French

Conditional Mood

The conditional mood is formed by adding the following endings to the future stem of the relevant verb. Nota Bene: The endings used for the conditional mood are identical to those used for the imperfect tense. The conditional mood conveys the idea of ‘would do’ in English and is used in the following situations: -As…...

Past Historic Tense

For regular verbs, the imperfect tense is formed from the stem of the 2nd person pluralnous form of the present tense and one of the three possible endings:  For all verbs ending in -er For regular -ir and -re verbs For some irregular verbs, usually ending in -re and -ir The past historic is only used…...

PluPerfect Tense

The pluperfect is a compound tense consisting of the imperfect tense of either of the auxiliary verbs avoir and être followed by the past participle of the relevant verb.  e.g.  Elles étaient sorties quand il est passé, which means , They were out when he passed by. The pluperfect is used for past action and…...

Perfect Tense

The perfect tense is a compound tense comprised of the present tense of the auxiliary verb avoir ou être followed by the past participle of the relevant verb. e.g. Je suis né il y a seize ans, which means, I was born 16 years ago. The Past Participle Knowing the past participle is essential when…...

Imperfect Tense

The imperfect tense is formed from the stem of the 2nd person plural nous form of the present tense and the following endings: *the verb être is the only exception to this pattern  Nota Bene: -The example in the table above shows how to conjugate the verb jeter- to throw. Firstly, it shows the verb in…...

Future Tense

The future tense is formed by adding the following endings to the future stem: Pronoun Ending je ai tu as il / elle / on a nous ons vous ez ils / elles ont The Future stem of Regular Verbs The infinitive form of the verb represents the future stem for all regular verbs ending…...

Present Tense

REGULAR VERBS The vast majority of verbs in french are regular and, therefore, belong to one of the three aforementioned groups (i.e. -er verbs, -ir verbs, -re verbs). Some verbs contain slight exceptions to the regular present tense pattern. These verbs manifest an irregular pattern in their stem when used in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd person…...

Irregular Verbs

Some of the most frequently used verbs in French do not follow the conjugating patterns of regular verbs, and are therefore called irregular. Irregular verbs differ from the regular form in one or more of the following tenses: -Present Tense -Future Tense -Past Historic Tense -Subjective Tense -Past Participle The following verbs have an irregular…...

Regular Verbs

There are three groups of regular verbs ending in -er, -ir and -re. Below are examples showing how to conjugate verbs with the above endings.   Read more →...