The pH scale is the measure of acidity (concentration of H+ ions) or alkalinity (concentration of OH ions) in a solution.

pH ranges from 1 to 14 and indicates whether a solution is acidic, neutral or alkaline.

Acidic solutions pH range from 1 to 7

Neutral solutions pH of 7

Alkaline solutions pH greater than 7

If a solution is too basic and one wants to lower the pH then a solution of an acid or an acid salt is added.

If a solution is too acidic, one can add a base/ a base salt to the solution increasing the pH.


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