(a) You must be able to employ all senses in your description! You want your reader/audience to visualise what you are saying and experience the emotions behind the imagery.

(b) You can describe by using:
figures of speech like similes, metaphors, onomatopoeia, alliteration & personification
as much as possible to make your writing vivid and original!

(c) Describe the setting, i.e. the physical environment, the place where the action of the story is taking place, and the time it is happening, if appropriate. You can let the setting change later in the story if the mood of the character changes.

* If the character becomes despondent, you may choose to let the rain fall. This is known as pathetic fallacy i.e. allowing the weather to take on human qualities and emotions to emulate what the present situation is. For e.g. the father dies in the story and as he breathes his last breath, the rain starts to fall.

(d) Describe your characters according to the role they are playing

(e) Describe by using gripping, detailed facts, powerful adjectives, adverbs and verbs. For e.g

(f) “Once upon a time,” is a boring way to start. A more interesting way would be to start by describing the setting or a character or with a quotation, proverb etc.


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