Functional Areas of Business

Departments in a business organization are structured according to certain functions.  The departments of various organizations will differ depending on the type of business. Below are four main functions that tend to be general to most organizations.


The production department is responsible for transforming raw materials into finished products. They are also responsible for quality control to ensure that required standards are met.


The accounts department makes and receives all payments on behalf of the business and records all financial transactions


This department creates awareness for the firm products and motivates consumers to buy. They also carry out market research to identify customer’s needs

Human Resources/Personnel

The human resource department recruits and selects staff for the business organization.   They are also responsible for staff training and welfare.

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