Tag: Acid Bases and Salts

Acids

Acids Acids are compounds that form hydrogen ions in solution and neutralize bases to form salt and water only. Acids may be described as either a mineral acid or an organic acid. Mineral acids, as their name suggests, are originally derived from minerals, and organic acids are originally derived from plants and animals. Examples of…...

Monobasic, Dibasic and Tribasic Acids

Monobasic, Dibasic and Tribasic Acids Monobasic Acids also know as monoprotic acids These are acids which yield one free hydrogen ion in solution for each molecule of acid ionized. An example of a monobasic acid is hydrochloric acid (HCl). HCl → H+ + Cl – Dibasic Acids also know as diprotic acids These are acids…...

Bases

Bases Bases are compounds that contain the oxide (O2-) or hydroxide (OH–) ions and neutralize acids to form salt and water only. There are both soluble and insoluble bases. Soluble bases are known as alkali’s and they produces hydroxide ions(OH–) in aqueous solution. Properties of bases -When soluble are called alkali’s -React with acids to…...

Acid Oxides, Basic Oxides and Acid Anhydrides

Acid Oxides, Basic Oxides and Acid Anhydrides Oxides can be both metallic and non metallic. These oxides can further described as acidic, basic, neutral and amphoteric oxides. Acidic Oxides (non metallic) Acidic oxides are oxides of non-metals that neutralize bases to form salt and water only, example: -Carbon Dioxide CO2 (g)+ 2 NaOH (aq) →  Na2CO3(s)…...

pH

pH The pH scale is the measure of acidity (concentration of H+ ions) or alkalinity (concentration of OH– ions) in a solution. pH ranges from 1 to 14 and indicates whether a solution is acidic, neutral or alkaline. Acidic solutions pH range from 1 to 7 Neutral solutions pH of 7 Alkaline solutions pH greater…...

Salt

Salt A salt is a compound formed when the hydrogen ion of an acid is partially or totally replaced by a metal or ammonium ion. There are 2 types of salt: Acidic salts: these salts are formed when the hydrogen ions of an acid is only partially replaced by a metal ion or the ammonium…...